He does not mean an occasional breaking of the law but consistently breaking it as a practice or as a way of life. Sep 22, 2002. (Which he had promised afore by his prophets in the holy scriptures.) There is a set of Bible Studies for each set. Compare Galatians 1:15, and "chosen vessel," Acts 9:15. The apostle speaks in the language of his nation, for the Jews frequently call the Bible, writings, Holy Ones; "for", say they, , "all the Scriptures are holy" (c), and style them, , "Scriptures of holiness", or holy Scriptures (d). “Romans 1.1-5 and Paul’s Christological Use of Hab. Romans 1:1-2 Paul, a servant of Jesus Christ, called to be an apostle, separated unto the gospel of God, (Which he had promised afore by his prophets in the holy scriptures,) Read verse in King James Version Finally, Phœbebe, the bearer, as appears, of this Epistle, was a deaconess of the Church at Cenchrea, the eastern port of Corinth (Ro 16:1). It denotes those who are "separated," or called out from the common mass; Acts 19:9; 2 Corinthians 6:17. It was a constant position with the apostle that he advanced nothing but what was maintained by the best and holiest men of the nation. As I emphasized in our recent series on evangelism, one basic principle when you’re sharing the gospel is to keep bringing the discussion back to the person and work of Jesus Christ. The name is also given to the Messiah, Isaiah 42:1, "Behold my servant in whom my soul delighteth," etc. It included the teachers of the ancient Jews generally. In Romans 10:4, Paul's words are translated: "For Christ is the end of the law for righteousness to everyone who believes." (c) Misn. Of intelligence, Romans 1:21 2Cor 3:15; 4:6; Ephesians 1:18 . When and Where this Epistle was written we have the means of determining with great precision, from the Epistle itself compared with the Acts of the Apostles. Romans. The Apostle Paul wrote in Titus 1:1-2, “ Paul, a servant of God, and an apostle of Jesus Christ, according to the faith of God’s elect, and the acknowledging of the truth which is after godliness; In hope of eternal life, which God, that cannot lie, promised before the world began.” In other words you cannot simply look up definitions of Greek words in a lexicon and insert those definitions in a passage for many Greek words have more than one meaning which can only be discerned by examining the context . a servant of Jesus Christ—The word here rendered "servant" means "bond-servant," or one subject to the will and wholly at the disposal of another. The most searching investigations of modern criticism have left it untouched. called to be an apostle—when first he "saw the Lord"; the indispensable qualification for apostleship. The practice of adopting Gentile names may be traced through all the periods of Hebrew history. (d) Misn. The Greek indicates that the writer was actually in the apostolate - a called apostle. Undoubtedly, he could think of n… Referring to the headings which we have prefixed to its successive sections, as best exhibiting the progress of the argument and the connection of its points, we here merely note that its first great topic is what may be termed the legal relation of man to God as a violator of His holy law, whether as merely written on the heart, as in the case of the heathen, or, as in the case of the Chosen People, as further known by external revelation; that it next treats of that legal relation as wholly reversed through believing connection with the Lord Jesus Christ; and that its third and last great topic is the new life which accompanies this change of relation, embracing at once a blessedness and a consecration to God which, rudimentally complete already, will open, in the future world, into the bliss of immediate and stainless fellowship with God. What does the living sacrifice mean in Romans 12:1? Romans 3:4 illustrates why one has to be very careful to observe the context when defining Greek words. Their sinful doings are expressed by the strong words, "treasuring up wrath." or, if it may be thought that he was known to be elsewhere at that particular time, how does there occur in all the Epistles which our apostle afterwards wrote from Rome not one allusion to such an origin of the church at Rome? ROMANS 4:1-25 THIS chapter beautifully connects with all that precedes it. Every passage which he adduces is therefore proof that it is from God. And how, consistently with his declared principle—not to build on another man's foundation (Ro 15:20)—could he express his anxious desire to come to them that he might have some fruit among them also, even as among other Gentiles (Ro 1:13), if all the while he knew that they had the apostle of the circumcision for their spiritual father? Lit., bond-servant or slave. 1 Paul, a servant of Christ Jesus, called to be an apostle and set apart for the gospel of God-- 2 the gospel he promised beforehand through his prophets in the Holy Scriptures 3 regarding his Son, who as to his earthly life was a descendant of David, 4 and who through the Spirit of holiness was appointed the Son of God in power by his resurrection from the … When God calls he makes what he calls. This is the sole business of all ministers of "religion.". And it was the customary name which they assumed; Galatians 1:10; Colossians 4:12; 2 Peter 1:1; Jde 1:1; Acts 4:29; Titus 1:1; James 1:1. There was a further reason here for his appealing so much to the Old Testament. Humanity needs a Saviour. It indicates that he had not assumed the office himself, but that he was set apart to it by the authority of Christ himself. Dean Howson, while rejecting this explanation, remarks: "We cannot believe it accidental that the words 'who is also called Paul,' occur at this particular point of the inspired narrative. T. Bab. On that supposition, how are we to account for so important a circumstance being passed by in silence by the historian of the Acts, not only in the narrative of Peter's labors, but in that of Paul's approach to the metropolis, of the deputations of Roman "brethren" that came as far as Appii Forum and the Three Taverns to meet him, and of his two years' labors there (Ac 28:15, 30)? (2) Paul, exhorting the Romans to give diligent heed to him, in that he shows that he comes not in his own name, but as God's messenger to the Gentiles, entreats them with the weightiest matter that exists, promised long ago by God, by many good witnesses, and now at length indeed performed. He was then on the eve of visiting Jerusalem with a pecuniary contribution for its Christian poor from the churches of Macedonia and Achaia, after which his purpose was to pay a visit to Rome on his way to Spain (Ro 15:23-28). Compare 1 Corinthians 7:22; Galatians 4:7; Ephesians 6:6; Plm 1:16. That it owed its origin to the apostle Peter, and that he was its first bishop, though an ancient tradition and taught in the Church of Rome as a fact not to be doubted, is refuted by the clearest evidence, and is given up even by candid Romanists. It expresses the condition of one who has a master, or who is at the control of another. In short, his self-construal was—and always will be—since the Damascus road anyway, one who was a free and willing slaveof the Lord Jesus Christ. ἈΦΩΡΙΣΜΈΝΟς ΕἸς ΕὐΑΓΓ, And it is also our privilege to have the same access to God in Christ, The whole world is certainly under obligation to such a servant as this, Σαῦλον εἰς τὸ ἔργον ο} ππροσκέκλημαι αὐτούς, ὁ ἀφόρρισας με ἐκ κοιλίας μητρός μου καὶ καλίσας, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers. (2) Because Paul was not one of those originally appointed. 116. He so calls himself, either in respect of his condition, which was common with him to all true Christians; or else in respect of his office. They were strangers to him, and therefore he begins by asserting his apostleship. Yadaim, c. 3. sect. See on John 5:47; see on John 2:22. He regarded himself as called to both his master’s side and to the promulgation of the good news—news inextricably bound up with the death, resurrection, and exaltation of his Lord and God’s richest blessing upon sinful, erring human beings. a. I commend to you Phoebe our sister: Paul certainly knew the value of what women could do in serving the church. (2) that it was confirmed by the authority of holy and inspired men. This sacrifice must be unfermented or unleavened (without sin). 1 Paul, a servant of Jesus Christ, called to be an apostle, separated unto the gospel of God, 2 (Which he had promised afore by his prophets in the holy scriptures,) 3 Concerning his Son Jesus Christ our Lord, which was made of the seed of David according to the flesh; by his prophets, Isaiah and others, "afore" the Apostle Paul was called forth to be a preacher of it; which promise, or promises of it, lie. The prophetic writings describe not only salvation, the substance of the gospel, but also the preaching of salvation, the gospel itself. Certain it is, that the apostle writes to them expressly as a Gentile Church (Ro 1:13, 15; 15:15, 16); and though it is plain that there were Jewish Christians among them, and the whole argument presupposes an intimate acquaintance on the part of his readers with the leading principles of the Old Testament, this will be sufficiently explained by supposing that the bulk of them, having before they knew the Lord been Gentile proselytes to the Jewish faith, had entered the pale of the Christian Church through the gate of the ancient economy. Such is the great change wrought in repentance, it is conversion, and is needed by every human being. The privilege of Christians; they are beloved of God, and are members of that body which is beloved. Separate me Barnabas and Saul, for the work whereunto I have called them. Take up and read!”b. (1) The first part of the epistle contains a most profitable preface down to verse six. This may regard either God's eternal purpose concerning him, his preordination of him from eternity to be a preacher of the Gospel, to which he was separated from his mother's womb, Galatians 1:15; or the separation of him to that work made by the order of the Spirit of God, Acts 13:2. They were called holy because they were inspired by the Holy Spirit, and were regarded as separated from all other writings, and worthy of all reverence. The same considerations would seem to prove that this church owed its origin to no prominent Christian laborer; and this brings us to the much-litigated question. What does Titus 1:2 mean? ; Isaiah 53:11, "shall my righteous servant justify many." Dr. Morison observes that the superscription is peerless for its wealth of theological idea. It was formerly matter of admiration, and so it became a proverb in Israel: Is Saul also among the prophets? That this apostolical dignity was not by any desert of his, but by grace only, and the free gift of him that calleth. The Old Testament counterpart of Romans 12:1 is found in the whole of chapter 1 of Leviticus: the burnt offering. The gospel is the power of God unto salvation through Jesus Christ—The wrath of God rests on those guilty of murder, homosexual practices, fornication, and other sins if the guilty do not repent. The ambiguous genitive, the gospel of God, seems to mean, “the gospel which proceeds from God,” “of which God is the author;” not “of which God is the object.”. Paul's Old Testament training is manifest. Others, an allusion to his diminutive stature; and others again think that he assumed the name out of compliment to Sergius Paulus, the deputy of Cyprus. Set apart to this, as the special, great work of my life; as having no other object for which I should live. Jesus asked the disciples (Matt. He had never been at Rome. (1) Servant.—More strictly, here as elsewhere in the New Testament, slave; and yet not wrongly translated “servant,” because the compulsory and degrading side of service is not put forward. It is called the gospel of God because it is his appointment; it has been originated by him, and has his authority. The Gospel is not in principle a new thing, a sub-version of the true religion as it has hitherto been known to the people of God. Verse by verse exegesis on Romans 1:1-17 V. 1 Mentioned of author or sender‟s name in the very beginning of a letter was a common practice in the ancient days of Roman Empire as we have seen in historical background. Related Papers Romans 1:1-2 New International Version (NIV) 1 Paul, a servant of Christ Jesus, called to be an apostle and set apart for the gospel of God— 2 the gospel he promised beforehand through his prophets in the Holy Scriptures. In the holy scriptures - In the writings of the Old Testament. Hence, he appeals here so often to the Old Testament; and defends every point by the authority of the Bible. Compare Hebrews 1:1. The ruin of sinners is their walking after a hard and impenitent heart. Apparently Phoebe was on her way to Rome (probably entrusted with this precious letter) and Paul sends an advance recommendatio… It is applied to the prophets as those who were honored by God, or especially entrusted by him with office; Deuteronomy 34:5; Joshua 1:2; Jeremiah 25:4. Of these four, the third, Gaius, was an inhabitant of Corinth (1Co 1:14), and the fourth, Erastus, was "chamberlain of the city" (Ro 16:23), which can hardly be supposed to be other than Corinth. He that a little before had seen him doing what he is recorded to have done, Act 26:10,11, would never have dreamed of any such thing. The reason why the apostle was so anxious to show that his doctrine coincided with the Old Testament was because the church at Rome was made up in part of Jews. Unto the gospel of God; that is, to the preaching and publishing of it. He was called at one and the same time to the faith and the apostleship of Christ (Ac 26:16-18). Paul had not seen the Romans when he wrote this epistle. ; Psalm 19:4; Psalm 68:11, et al.). He knew his life of sin and rebellion against God left him empty and feeling dead; but he just couldn’t find the strength to make a final, real decision for Jesus Christ. Paul applies the term to himself, Galatians 1:10; Philippians 1:1; Titus 1:1; and frequently to express the relation of believers to Christ. The work of the law is written on the heart, Romans 2:15 . And we may say, with great astonishment, Is Saul also among the apostles? The function of an apostle was to preach the gospel Paul regarded himself as separated to this work. The former is emphasized in Paul's use of the term, since Christian service, in his view, has no element of servility, but is the expression of love and of free choice. 9 God is my witness, whom I serve with my spirit in proclaiming the gospel of his Son, that I remember you constantly, # 2 Cor 1:23; Eph 1:16; Phil 1:8; 1 Thes 1:2; 2:5, 10; 2 Tm 1:3. 2 Paul is not speaking out of his own mind, but, as a slave, reflects the will and authority of his master, Christ. But in His grace God revealed Himself to the human race in a number of ways and God ordained His plan of salvation before the foundation of the world - so that His righteous wrath against sin, could be poured out upon His only begotten Son - as sin's substitute for … And thus it is not improbable that up to the time of the apostle's arrival the Christian community at Rome had been dependent upon subordinate agency for the increase of its numbers, aided by occasional visits of stated preachers from the provinces; and perhaps it may be gathered from the salutations of the last chapter that it was up to that time in a less organized, though far from less flourishing state, than some other churches to whom the apostle had already addressed Epistles. As giving impulse and character to action, Romans 6:17 ; Ephesians 6:5 ; Colossians 3:22 ; 1Ti 1:5; 2 Timothy 2:22 . Romans 1:12(NASB) Verse Thoughts It was very important that Paul built up a rapport with the Christians in Rome, because this gentile church was one of the few … In this sense it is applied to the disciples of Christ at large (1Co 7:21-23), as in the Old Testament to all the people of God (Isa 66:14). Two things are couched in this phrase: 1. His doctrines were in accordance with the acknowledged oracles of God. : Galatians 1:12-24; 2 Corinthians 12:12; 1 Timothy 2:7; 2 Timothy 1:11; Romans 11:13. Acts 26:22-23, "saying none other things than those which the prophets and Moses did say should come," etc. of God—that is, the Gospel of which God is the glorious Author. Burnt means to arrest the carnal passions. (So Ro 15:16; 1Th 2:2, 8, 9; 1Pe 4:17).Rom 1:1-7 Paul, commending to the Romans his calling, greets them,Rom 1:8-15 and professes his concern for, and desire of coming tosee them.Rom 1:16,17 He shows that the gospel is for the justification ofall mankind through faith.Rom 1:18-32 And having premised that sinners in general areobnoxious to God's wrath, he describes at large thecorruption of the Gentile world. Called to be an apostle; appointed to that high office by the immediate call of Christ himself: see Gal 1:1 Tit 1:3. Called to be an apostle - This word called means here not merely to be invited, but has the sense of appointed. (1) The reverence which Paul showed for the Old Testament. Romans 1. Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV® Copyright ©1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.® Used by permission. to my God through Jesus Christ for all of you, because your faith is heralded throughout the world. See Mark 14:11; Acts 7:5; 1 Timothy 2:10; 1 Timothy 6:21. Characterizing the preceding phrase more precisely: definitely separated from the rest of mankind. Prophets.—In the wider sense in which the word is used, including not only Samuel (Acts 3:24), but also Moses and David, and all who are regarded as having prophesied the Messiah. Each section of Romans is broken up into teaching or study sections. # 16:19; 1 Thes 1:8. Within this context is the Bible's definition of what God means by circumcision. Only here in the New Testament. John Piper Sep 2, 2001 705 Shares Sermon. The law he is writing about here is obviously the Ten Commandments. The phrase used is either in allusion to the priests and Levites, who were separated from their brethren the children of Israel, to their sacred employments; or rather to the apostle's having been "a Pharisee", which signifies "one separated", as he was now; only with this difference, before he was separated to the law, but now "to the Gospel", to preach and defend it, which he did with all faithfulness and integrity; the excellency of which Gospel is signified by its being called "the Gospel of God": he is the author of it; his grace is the subject of it; and he it is who commits it to men, qualifies them for the preaching of it, and succeeds them in it. Or else in respect of his singular and miraculous conversion: by reason of which, he thought himself so obliged to Christ, that he wholly addicted or devoted himself to his service. Romans 1:2. ὃ προεπηγγείλατο. 2. (1) Because the other apostles had been called or chosen to this work John 15:16, John 15:19; Matthew 10:1; Luke 6:13; and. For What Class of Christians was this Epistle principally designed—Jewish or Gentile? He wished to show them, and the remainder of his countrymen, that the Christian religion was built on the foundation of their prophets, and their acknowledged writings. That a large number of Jews and Jewish proselytes resided at this time at Rome is known to all who are familiar with the classical and Jewish writers of that and the immediately subsequent periods; and that those of them who were at Jerusalem on the day of Pentecost (Ac 2:10), and formed probably part of the three thousand converts of that day, would on their return to Rome carry the glad tidings with them, there can be no doubt. Here not merely to be an apostle, this is the only passage in which it applied. And the wrath of God: see Gal 1:1 Tit 1:3, hereunto are they called, to. 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