Incidentally, Prince Albert was not alone. Planted at the beginning of June, this pea flowers by the end of the month when only a foot tall. Bearas, via Wikimedia Commons, CC BY 3.0 license. The flowers are snowy white and borne on vines that can reach 8 feet in length if the soil is rich. Always use two hands when you pick peas. By paying with a credit card, you save an additional $5 and get 6 issues of MOTHER EARTH NEWS for only $12.95 (USA only). I love peas, too. In general, cooking peas at a lower temperature, for a shorter time, and with less water preserves more of their nutrients. The seeds are small and brown in 3-inch pods, somewhat resembling a horse bean. 60 days to maturity. Thomas Jefferson grew them in 1809 at Monticello. Green Arrow ', ' Maestro ', and ' Patriot ' are three popular dwarf varieties. Raw peas are also eaten after they have sprouted. Yes, green peas are easy to use. These were divisions based not on taxonomy but on artificial similarities. You'll find tips for slashing heating bills, growing fresh, natural produce at home, and more. The entire plant has the appearance of great antiquity, and well it should, for this is considered one of the oldest surviving strains of peas in England, dating perhaps from the Elizabethan period. The entire pod is eaten, cooked or raw. medullare, the so-called “marrowfat” pea; and Pisum sativum var. Cropping can be extended by continuous harvesting, especially if the vines are kept well watered. At that stage of ripeness, they were boiled or steamed until tender and eaten like string beans. They contain lesser but significant amounts of niacin, vitamin B6, and riboflavin (vitamin B2). Harvesting the dry seed is thus finished by the middle of July, and space in the garden is freed for other crops. Pennsylvania lends itself very well to growing vegetable crops such as tomatoes and potatoes, but there is a wealth of other suitable crops you can grow commercially. Snap peas … There are many varieties of peas, each with its own characteristics and target markets. Mushy peas are often eaten with fish and chips. Originated by the Campbell Soup Company. Much to my surprise, though a lot of people do not? Illustrations Courtesy William Woys Weaver. The flower is yellow-ocher tinged with rose in the throat and would make a striking cut flower if it were a sweet pea. The plants are frost hardy and best grown as a spring crop. I appreciate your visit! I had about 4 bowls of split pea soup. I must have been lucky with school dinners - or perhaps I've forgotten how bad they were! I used to help my mother shell peas, too. The term ‘shelling peas’ refers to varieties of pea that require the pea to be removed from the pod or shell prior to use. Love the split pea and ham recipe...one of my favourite soups. Green peas are often referred to as vegetables, however, because of their green color. Thank you very much for the comment. It is considered a good crop for areas with less irrigation. This reference would date the pea to at least the 1580s. Peas can be cooked and prepared in many different ways and can add flavor and interest to many dishes. The nineteenth-century American standard for the marrow pea was the large white marrowfat of English origin, a heavy cropper with 5-foot vines bearing long round pods, with 6 or 7 large peas in each. The origins and author of the pease porridge poem are unknown. Marrowfat peas are green peas with unusually large and starchy seeds. The poems are often humorous, just like the sight of peas rolling over a surface. When fresh peas are unavailable or when convenience is desired, frozen, dried, or canned peas can be used instead. The peas were fresher, too. Also, always be on the lookout for unusual peas with off colors or textures. Green peas have been cultivated for at least ten thousand years and have become a very popular vegetable. They are an excellent source of vitamins C and K. Some of the vitamin C is lost when peas are cooked, however. :). You're a pro. The flowers are bicolored, rose pink and wine red fading to bright blue as they wilt. When planted in mid-April, the vines begin producing toward the end of May, peaking during the first half of June. The quick- growing vines of this annual legume produce pods containing four to ten seeds. The poem was published in a slightly different form in 1760 in a book called The Original Mother Goose's Melody by John Newbery. The plant produces 3-inch pods at each lateral joint, thus distributing peas over the plant — a good feature for avoiding top-heavy vines. UP AND AWESOME! Split peas are dried peas that have been allowed to split naturally into two sections or are helped to do so mechanically. They are delicious raw. By William Woys Weaver The Prussians are a type of pea dating from the eighteenth century that were once immensely popular in England and colonial America. I still enjoy the amusing aspects of peas that entertained me as a child. Small crackers or biscuits may be used for a topping instead of cream. Thanks for doing this hub today. They also make a great addition to items such as salads, stews, pies, pasta, and omelettes. Heirloom peas are open pollinators, which means that when a plant survives, its seeds can be saved and planted the next year, resulting in even more viable seeds to perpetuate that variety. Snap peas (Pisum sativum var. Americans also began developing their own pea varieties in the nineteenth century. Vigna unguiculata Please refer to Southern Pea Cultural Notes for growing information. Norli Peas Thanks for the information . Voted up. All of the summer pea varieties recommended are bush type peas. Lovely article. You made this very easy and simple especially after watching the videos you displayed. Historically, the taller sorts of peas were grown on devices called “pea sticks.” The illustration from the Gardener’s Magazine for June 1828 shows what they looked like. Ham may be added as well. It exists, or existed until recently, in France under the names Michaux de Hollande, pois Baron, and pois Laurent. he cried loud and clearAnd retreated from garlic in fearAs it bounced over and started to shed, Pepper flew over the saltAnd tickled his nose with a joltCreating sneezes that filled his head, The sneezes wriggled and twirledSo he held a tissue unfurled "I'm ready if you are" he said, Sneezes left in disgustSurprise for them was a mustThe man cheered aloud once they'd fled, Potatoes lined up to paradeCarrots spun round as they playedAnd the man rode on peas as they sped, Then bay leaves sailed in from the westWith thyme woven mats for a nestAnd carried him off to bed. Beautiful! The benefits are threefold: I know exactly which seeds have germinated and which have not, I can rogue out weak vines and plant more seed if necessary, and I avoid the loss of seedlings to cutworms, rabbits, and birds. Different Varieties of Peas. Um AliciaC, very good idea. In the South, where its overwintering features could be cultivated to better advantage, Tom Thumb was usually planted in the late fall in rows 10 inches apart, the seeds planted about 2 per inch. VioletteRose from Atlanta on March 25, 2014: I didn't know about this many varieties of green peas, thanks for sharing this! There are many pea varieties to choose from, ranging from early maturing peas that can be sown in autumn and are ready to harvest in June, to maincrop cultivars that don’t mature until October. Canadian subscriptions: 1 year (includes postage & GST). However, their flavor and nutrient content differ slightly. Well, you are multi-talented and this was a delight to read and you made it your own and very interesting. The truest strain of Prussian Blue produces vines about 3 1/2 feet tall with white flowers. Most varieties of peas are ready to harvest 60 to 70 days after planting. Already a Member but Crystal Tatum from Georgia on February 10, 2014: I actually really like green peas, though I know few others whoe does. By William Woys Weaver Peas. Great hub on the facts and benefits of Green Peas AliciaC. In this part of the world, roasted spicy peas are very popular. Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on February 11, 2014: Hi, Dianna. Therefore, the plant requires sturdy support. The Prince Albert pea produces 6-foot vines with 2 1/2-inch pods that are stringy when young, for this is strictly a shelling pea, though a good one. Pink flowers and green leaves of a snow pea, Bmdavil at the English Language Wikipedia, CC BY-SA 3.0 License. Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on February 19, 2014: Thank you very much, Deb. There are both bush and vine varieties of black-eyed peas. Hi, EGamboa. Fearing Burr (1865, 514) suggested planting them the first of May for pod production in July — when wilt and a host of other viral problems are most likely to strike. Toy Tasting from Mumbai on February 11, 2014: I am a huge fan of green peas. Peas are one of the earliest vegetables that can be harvested from the garden. Thank you for the nice comment! I hope you have a wonderful weekend! Pisum sativum. Interesting! Gordon not only described the many varieties of peas then being grown but also provided synonyms, the various aliases by which the peas were known. I love peas in a salad and as a soup. I remember devouring it in my parent's vegetable gardens with pods and all. wsujeffersoncounty0, via pixabay.com, CC0 public domain license. I plant the pea in early April and have peas by the middle of May. I didn't realize there are so many varieties, and I like the different ways to prepare them. Plant the vines about 2 feet apart. Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on February 10, 2014: Hi, truthfornow. There are two common varieties of peas, green garden peas that need shelling and edible-pod peas that are eaten whole. Snap peas (Pisum sativum var. The rampant vines of Colderbse and Carling peas can be shredded and used as a green manure. In addition, he explained how seedsmen classified peas on a commercial basis by dividing them into nine groups based on the type of dry seed or vine. Yet its resistance to Freezing is impressive. The pea that has been preserved under this name (SSE PEA 185) is not the original English Dutch gray of the past. They are often mixed with spices before being roasted, which adds to their enjoyable flavor. The Blue Pod Capucijner is a case in point, for in France it was known as pois à crosse violette, nothing in the name to do with monks. 43-135 seeds, depending on variety) sows 8-22 feet. The texture of the miniature pea pod is similar to that of a runner bean, slightly crinkled on the surface like the creases in leather. They’re ready to pick when their pods fill with sweet, plump peas. According to John Brand in his Observations on Popular Antiquities (1900, 57–61), the name derives from Old English Care or Carle Sunday — in German, Charsontag — the second Sunday before Easter. A pea-themed costume contest was also held. It was cultivated for summer crops and much favored as a soup or canning pea, although it was grown commercially as a field pea to be sold dry. A bush type, it bears many pods in pairs, instead of singly. Thanks for the comment and the vote, Jodah. Fresh peas are kidney shaped and green with a bright pink eye. The poem may have been created earlier. Loved the poems too, the one about peas and honey is hilarious and I enjoyed the one you wrote, The Man In the Green Pea Soup (sounds like The Man In The Grey Tweed Suit...lol). Thank you so much for the kind comment about my poem, Faith! Red bell peppers are the ripest and sweetest, while green peppers are the freshest and slightly bitter. I added just a little brown rice to it. Vining Peas: Green Arrow, little Marvel Improved, Sugar Snap, and Wando. The most common commercial variety is the California Blackeye. Some communities in the UK are named in honor of peas. Technically bell peppers are a fruit, but since most … 'Prussian Blue' Have I told you how much I enjoy this post on Peas? They make excellent porridge in that state. John Hansen from Queensland Australia on February 07, 2014: Interesting hub about peas Alicia. Some varieties, including sugar peas and snow peas, produce pods that are edible and are eaten raw or cooked like green beans; they are popular in East Asian cuisines. In some varieties of green pea, the pods are edible, and in others they aren't. They are crispiest then. The very young pods can be cooked like snow peas, but it is the dry pea that was used in historical cookery, especially in peas porridge. Heirloom Cowpea Varieties. The pea was known in England — the probable source for the Pennsylvania seed centuries ago — and mentioned specifically by Mawe and Abercrombie (1779, 482). Snow peas, sugar snap peas Chinese pea pods and many others fall into this category. Black-eyed peas: These peas are mostly sold dried, canned, or frozen, rarely fresh except in the American South, where fresh black-eyed peas can be found in some farmers’ markets. Find the best Pea seeds that are prolific and high-yielding. The process stops the action of enzymes that can alter the flavor or color of the peas. Thanks and voted up! Peas mature quickly, so check daily once you see the flowers in bloom. Green peas are also a very good source of vitamin A (in the form of beta-carotene), thiamine, and folate. Cholesterol is only found in animal bodies. She enjoys exploring nutrition as well as the culture and history of food. A small amount of healthy fat eaten at the same time as peas will enhance the absorption of fat-soluble vitamins, such as vitamins A and K. Vitamin C and vitamins in the B family are water-soluble. These are available in stores all year round, so peas can always be part of the diet. They come frozen, tinned or dried. For example, Pease Pottage is a village in West Sussex and Peasenhall is a village in Suffolk. A single shopping trip can reveal the tastiest treasures. I like peas so it is good to learn they are so nutritious. 'Marrofat' Pea Use both hands. Read on to find out about growing field peas and information on field pea varieties. In some parts of the world, roasted peas are very popular. Fabaceae is a very large family in the order Fables, including three subfamilies, at least 630 genera and more than 18,860 species. 43-135 seeds, depending on variety) sows 8-22 feet. Specialty varieties for use as forage or silage may be leafed or semi-leafless. They are crispiest then. I feel so good and healthy for a Friday nite. Mary Norton from Ontario, Canada on February 07, 2015: Roasted peas are sold as snacks in Southeast Asia. For tall types, try ' Alderman ', ' Lincoln ', and ' Wando '. I like peas freshly peeled and eaten one of my favorite foods. 'S very nice when something that we like is also good for us England February... Pea pod is a bona fide eighteenth-century variety cool weather, early spring crop February 10, 2014 it., nuts, onion, herbs, pepper, and hometown grocery stores available throughout world! 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Summer pea varieties — one of the perfect late-season pea Peasenhall is a tall gray pea growing on 8-to-9-foot and! Dare i mention that the next time i make the soup as pease! Peas freshly peeled and eaten one of the Capucijner pea to Capucan monks in Holland bush peas green. At a lower temperature, for taller varieties, including culinary, botanical and legal flavor. So good and healthy for a long time, cheese, celery, nuts, onion, herbs pepper! Volumes about Amelia Simmons ’ s Champion of England was known as the comment and peas. Is another Capucijner worth mentioning, the so-called “ marrowfat ” pea ; Pisum sativum ''! Eileen Gamboa from West Palm Beach on February 09, 2014: lol equivalent the!